Lois Lane is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by writer Jerry Siegel and artist Joe Shuster, she first appeared in Action Comics #1 (June 1938). Lois is a reporter for the Metropolis newspaper, the Daily Planet, an award-winning journalist and the primary love interest of the superhero Superman.
Her physical appearance was originally based on Joanne Carter, a model hired by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster, and Siegel's future wife. For her character, Siegel was inspired by actress Glenda Farrell, the movie star who portrayed Torchy Blane—a gutsy, beautiful headline-hunting reporter, starring in a series of 1930s films. Siegel took her name from actress Lola Lane. She was also influenced by the real-life journalist Nellie Bly.
Depictions of the character have varied spanning the comics and other media adaptations. The original Golden Age version of Lois Lane, as well as versions of her from the 1970s onwards, portrays Lois as a tough-as-nails journalist and intellectually equal to Superman. During the Silver Age of Comics, she was the star of Superman's Girl Friend, Lois Lane, a comic book series that had a light and humorous tone. Beginning in 2015, she stars as the protagonist in the young adult novel series, Lois Lane, by writer Gwenda Bond.
Lois is among the best-known female comic book characters. She has appeared in various Superman media adaptations. Actress Noel Neill first portrayed Lois Lane in the 1940s Superman film series and late reprise her role in the 1950s television series Adventures of Superman. Margot Kidder played the character in four Superman films in the 1970s and '80s. Teri Hatcher portrayed her in the 1990s television series Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman and Erica Durance in the '00s series, Smallville. In the 2006 film Superman Returns, she was played by Kate Bosworth. The character was most recently portrayed by actress Amy Adams in the DC Extended Universe films.
Source: Wikipedia, "[en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lois_Lane Lois Lane]", available under the CC-BY-SA License.